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亚东 评论——《长篇小说<走出黄土地>解读》

作者: 亚东     时间: 2020-10-23     点击: 查询中    分享到:

长篇小说《走出黄土地》解读


ERSHISHIJIQISHINIANDAIMO,JUZHUZAISHANXIGUANZHONGFUDISHANDONGZHUANGDERENMEN,ZHOUERFUSHIDIGUOZHE“RICHUERZUO,RILUOERXI”DENONGGENGSHENGHUO,TAMENDERIZIJIANXINERDANDIAO,JIANDANERPINGJING,RUGUOBUSHIGAIGEKAIFANG,YEXUZHEILIDERENMENJIANGHUISHOUZHEHUANGTUDIYIDAIYIDAIDISHENGHUOXIAQU。

RENLAIHUDEZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO《ZOUCHUHUANGTUDI》,XIANGWOMENJIANGSHULECONGSHANDONGZHUANGZOUCHULAIDESIGEXIAOHUOBANDERENSHENGFENDOULICHENG。

GAIGEKAIFANGCHUQI,ZHURENWENGRENWENPENGZOUCHUHUANGTUDI,YINONGXIEGONGSHENFENCHENGWEIYIMINGMEIKUANGGONGREN,JINGGUODUONIANNULI,DANGSHANGLEFUKUANGZHANG。SIFAHAIHANCHUANGKUDU,ZHONGYUKAOSHANGLEDAXUE,CHENGWEIKUANGYEXUEYUANYIMINGDAXUESHENG,BIYEHOULIUXIAORENJIAODANGSHANGLEDAXUEJIAOSHOU,TONGGUOZHISHIGAIBIANLEMINGYUN。PENGFAPINGZHONGXUEBIYEHOUYINGZHENGRUWU,ZAIJINGLILELAOSHANQIANXIANXUEYUHUODECHUILIANHEDUONIANJUNLVSHENGYAHOU,ZHUANYEDAODIFANGCHENGWEISHENJITINGYIMINGFUCHUZHANG。SICHUNLAIXUANZELEJINGSHANGDEDAOLU,JINGGUODUONIANSHANGCHANGDAPAN,CHENGWEISHANDONGZHUANGYUANJINWENMINGDESIQILAOBAN。

XIAOSHUOYIRICHANGXUSHIDEXIEZUOFENGGE,BARENWUMINGYUNFANGZAISHIDAIBEIJINGXIA,YONGJIANGGUSHIDEFANGSHIXUHUANDAOLAI。YIZHURENWENGRENWENPENGHEFAQIZHAODIZAIMEIKUANGSHANGDEGONGZUOWEIZHUXIAN,XIANGWOMENZHANXIANCHUYIFUPINGFANYOUXUDEMEIKUANGSHENGHUOHUAJUAN。WEIRAOMEIKUANGSHENGCHAN,KEHUACHUKUANGZHANGLAOJIN、KUANGGONGXIAOBAO、SHANNANLAOWANG、KUANGNANZHONGSIQUDEWANGHUZI、DONGQIANGDENGRENWUXINGXIANG,TONGGUODUI“BINGSHANYIJIAO”DEWAJUE,ZHENSHIJILUXIAMEIKUANGRENDEDIANDIANDIDI。

ZAIJIEGOUSHANGYISHIJIANSHUNXUXIANGQIANTUIJIN,JICONGERSHISHIJIQISHINIANDAIMOQISHANDONGZHUANGDENONGCUNSHENGHUO,DAOGAIGEKAIFANGHOUGAOHUOJINGJI,RENMENZOUCHUHUANGTUDI“BAXIANGUOHAI,GEXIANSHENTONG”,YONGPINGPUDEXUSHIFANGSHIXIANGWOMENJIANGSHUYIGESHIDAIDEPINGFANGUSHI。YUYANTONGSUZHIPO,WEIWEIDAOLAI,SHENGHUOHUADERENWUMIAOXIEHEJINGQUEDEBIAOSHU,XIANSHICHUZUOZHEDEWENZIGONGLI。

ZAIYIXIEQINGJIEFANGMIANDECHULIYEJIAOWEIXINISHENGDONG,YOUQISHISICHUNLAIHEFAQIGAOE、QINGRENXIAOQINSANRENZHIJIANDEENENYUANYUAN、GANQINGJIUGE,YIJILIYONGSHOUZHONGZHIQUANSHOUSHOUHUILULANGDANGRUYUDEMEIKUANGGANBUGAOFENGHEQIZICUICUIDUITAYIWANGQINGSHENBULIBUQIDEXIJIEMIAOXIE,LINGRENXIXUTANXI。

DUIJIGENVXINGRENWUDEMIAOXIESUIZHEMOBUDUOYESHIBIJIAOCHENGGONGDE,BIRUPOSHIDAFANGDEZHAODI,QIZHIFEIFANDEDAXUEJIAOSHOUPENGFAHAIFURENQIAOJINYE,NIANQINGMEIMAOTONGQINGDALIDECHUNLAIDEXINHUANXIAOQIN,YIJIHECHUNLAIYIQIDAPINBEIPAOQIDEFAQIGAOEDEBAQIYUWEIQU,DOUZHENSHIXINGXIANGDIZHANXIANZAIWOMENMIANQIAN。

XIAOSHUOCHUANGZUOZAILIUPAISHANGGEYOUQIANQIU,XIANSHIZHUYIXIAOSHUODESHENKE、LANGMANZHUYIXIAOSHUODEBEIXIJUXIAOGUO、YISHILIUXIAOSHUODENEIXINDUBAI,QITAHAIYOUXIANFENGPAIXIAOSHUO、CUNZAIZHUYIXIAOSHUO、MOHUANXIANSHIZHUYIXIAOSHUO、ZIRANZHUYIXIAOSHUODENG。《ZOUCHUHUANGTUDI》SHUYUZIRANZHUYIWENXUE,TALITUSHIWUJUXIDEMIAOHUIXIANSHI,TIGONGSHENGHUODEJILU,JIRENYIZHONGSHILUSHENGHUOHEZHAOXIANGSHIDEYINXIANG,BUZUSHISUOXIDERICHANGSHENGHUOMIAOXIE。LIRUXIAOSHUOZHONGJINJINTONGGUORENWENPENGJIANGPENGFAPING、SIFAHAI、SICHUNLAILIANXIZAIYIQI,TAMENCHUSHENGHUOSHANGDEJIAOJIWAI,MEIYOUSHEJIXIANGHUZHIJIANDEHUDONGCHONGTU,RENWUZHIJIANDEGUANXILVEXIANSONGSAN。YINCI,XIAOSHUO《ZOUCHUHUANGTUDI》JIUXIANGSHISHENGZHANGZAIYUANSHISENLINDEYIKEZHIYELIPIDEDASHU,YAORANGTACONGYUANSHIXINGTAICHENGWEIJINGMEIDEYISHUPENJING,HAIXUYAOJIANZHI、XIUSHIHESUXING。

DUONIANYILAI,SHANXIDEGONGYETICAIWENXUE,YOUQISHIMEIKUANGTICAIZHANGPIANXIAOSHUOFENGMAOLINJIAO,FENXIYUANYIN,ZHUYAOSHIGONGYETICAIWENXUEBURUNONGCUNTICAIHAOXIE,GONGRENMENZHENGTIANMIANDUIDEDOUSHILENGBINGBINGDEJIQIHEMEIYOUGANQINGSECAIDEKUANGJING,MIAOXIERENHEJIQI、KUANGSHANHUDONG,BURUJIDIANLEJIQIANNIANDENONGCUNSHENGHUOGENGRONGYIYINLAIDUZHEGONGMING。

《ZOUCHUHUANGTUDI》SHIYIBUSHUXIECONGNONGCUNDAOMEIKUANGTIAOYUEXINGKUADUDEXIAOSHUO,ZOUCHULEWEIRAOMEIKUANGXIEMEIKUANGDEJUXIAN,ZUOZHEBARENWUFANGZAIMEIKUANGZHONG,QUXIESHEHUIGEXINGGEYE,XIEZHURENWENGDESHEJIAOQUANZI,ZHEIJIUTIAOCHULEDANYIKUZAODEHUANJING,ZOUJINKAIKUODESHEHUIKONGJIAN。RUGUOWOMENCONGZHEIFANGMIANJINXINGJIEDU,ZHEIBUXIAOSHUODECHUANGZUOYOUTAYIDINGDEDUTEZHICHU。

RENLAIHUDEZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO《ZOUCHUHUANGTUDI》QIANHOUXIELESINIAN,SINIANXIELESISHIDUOWANZI,DUIYUYIGEYEYUZUOZHELAISHUO,ZAIGONGZUOZHIYUNENGGOUJINGXIAXINLAI,PAICHUGEZHONGGANRAO,QIANXINCHUANGZUOCHUYIGEDABUTOULAI,SHIXUYAOHENDADEYILIHEDINGLIDE,ZHEISHIYIJIANFEICHANGLEBUQIDESHI,WOXIANGTABIAOSHIYOUZHONGDEZHUHE。

(SHANMEIZUOXIE  YADONG)


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